Apie viską po truputį

Maistiniai augalai

Augalai kaupia visas žmogui būtinas medžiagas – baltymus, angliavandenius, riebalus, vitaminus, organines rūgštis, mineralines medžiagas, vandenį ir kitas organizmo statybai bei jo gyvybingumui palaikyti reikalingas medžiagas. Be to, augalai sintetina medžiagų, pagerinančių maisto skonį, virškinimą, žadinančių apetitą. Manoma, jog įprastai apie 62% paros kalorijų žmogus turi gauti su augaliniu maistu, o sergant kai kuriomis ligomis, pavyzdžiui, ateroskleroze, podagra, rekomenduojama dieta, kurios šis maistas sudaro esminę dalį. Nemažai yra žmonių vegetarų, kurie vartoja tik augalinį maistą.


Dabar pasaulyje maistui vartojama virš 2000 augalų rūšių, iš kurių apie 600 sukultūrinta.
Maistiniai augalai įvairiai grupuojami, jų sąvoka būna platesnė ir siauresnė (neretai, pavyzdžiui, iš jų išskiriama prieskoninių augalų grupė). Jie gali būti skirstomi į grupes, atsižvelgiant į pagrindines sintetinamas medžiagas, taigi į baltyminguosius (žirnis, pupelės, pupa), aliejinguosius (saulėgrąža, linas, kanapė, rapsas), cukringuosius (cukriniai runkeliai, cukranendrė), krakmolinguosius (kvietys, bulvė, grikis). Pagal maistui vartojamas dalis jie skirstomi į grūdinius ir sėklinius (kvietys, kukurūzas, žirnis, kalendra), vaisinius ir uoginius (žemuogė, bruknė, obelis, šermukšnis, lazdynas), šakniavaisinius (burokėliai, morka, krienas), gumbavaisinius (bulvė, topinambas), šakniastiebinius (nendrė), svogūninius (svogūnas, česnakas), lapinius (kopūstas, salota, rūgštynė, dilgėlė), stiebinius (smidras, cukranendrė), žiedinius (žiedinis kopūstas, brokolis). Be to, dar galima grupuoti pagal maistinę paskirtį ir vartojimą (pavyzdžiui, naudojami duonai, kruopoms, cukrui gaminti), pagal gyvenimo formas (vienamečiai, dvimečiai, daugiamečiai, žoliniai, mediniai), pagal šilumos poreikį (subtropiniai, vidutinio klimato ir pan.).

This Post Has 645 Comments

  1. This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I’ve found something that helped me.
    Thanks a lot!

  2. Asking questions are actually fastidious thing if you are
    not understanding something entirely, however this piece of writing gives fastidious
    understanding even.

  3. Acheter Alli Suisse Lowest Canada Pharmacy Prices Kamagra 100mg Amiens [url=http://tadalafonline.com]cialis generic[/url] Kamagra Oral Jelly Inhaltsstoffe Cialis Dove Acquistarlo

  4. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone
    to do it for you? Plz respond as I’m looking to create
    my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from.
    many thanks

  5. Remarkable! Its truly awesome paragraph, I have got
    much clear idea concerning from this piece of writing.

  6. Greate pieces. Keep writing such kind of information on your blog.

    Im really impressed by your site.
    Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I’ll certainly
    digg it and for my part suggest to my friends.
    I’m confident they will be benefited from this site.

  7. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more
    of your fantastic post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  8. Lowest Canada Pharmacy Prices [url=http://cialicheap.com]п»їcialis[/url] Buy Kamagra In London

  9. Schwab Clever Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  10. Hello, I enjoy reading all of your article. I like to
    write a little comment to support you.

  11. I have actually become aware of blogs and also sort of know what they are. My concern is what do you write on a blog, like things thats on your mind or just whatever? And also what internet sites can i logon to to start blog sites?.

  12. Cialis Diario Hpb Cyproheptadine No Prescription Amoxicillin Injection Manufacturers In Spain [url=http://buyonlinecial.com]cialis cheapest online prices[/url] Amoxicillin Doseages

  13. This design is incredible! You obviously know how to keep a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almostHaHa!) Great job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  14. Come find the best workout supplements at the cheapest prices online. Get ready for those muscle and strength gains you have been looking for.

  15. We are a group of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your web site provided us with helpful info to work on.
    You’ve performed a formidable activity and our whole community might be thankful to you.

  16. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was curious what
    all is needed to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would
    cost a pretty penny? I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100% sure.

    Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated.

  17. Right away I am going away to do my breakfast, after having my breakfast coming again to read more

  18. wedding keepsake box marks spencer

  19. I just want to tell you that I am just all new to weblog and absolutely loved you’re website. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You really come with great stories. Regards for revealing your web page.

  20. books online are great, wether they are e-books or conventional hardbound and paperback books~

  21. Wow! Finally I got a web site from where I be able to genuinely
    obtain useful data regarding my study and knowledge.

  22. My programmer is trying to convince me to move to
    .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on various
    websites for about a year and am concerned about switching to another platform.
    I have heard good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  23. Now it is time to choose your particular investments.

  24. There is visibly a lot to realize about this. I think you made various nice points in features also.

  25. Useful information. Lucky me I found your website by accident, and I am shocked why this accident didn’t took place earlier! I bookmarked it.

  26. It¡¦s really a nice and helpful piece of info. I¡¦m satisfied that you simply shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  27. Levitra Online Paypal [url=http://nefoc.com]cialis viagra propecia[/url] Salzarex Vardenafil Vermox Otc Or Rx

Leave a Reply

Close Menu